What are the different types of EV chargers available?

If you are considering making the leap to an Electric Vehicle you’re probably undertaking some research. And even if you’re not, the phasing out of petrol and diesel vehicles from 2035 means that at some point in the not too distant future you’ll have to know about the options available to you. And there are a wide range of options to consider.

When it comes to Electric Vehicle chargers there are an ever growing number of manufacturers out there producing EV chargers. Most are fairly similar but they will have unique features to set them apart.

So let’s have a look at the different types of EV chargers that are available and the main differences between them.  

The different types of EV Chargers available

Currently the chargers available on the market are split into categories based on the speed with which they can charge your electric vehicle. Technological advances in electric vehicle development has meant that the electric vehicle chargers available today are vastly different to the models from 5 years ago. The main driving factor behind the development has been the consumer, and their need for faster charging speeds. The 4 types of electric vehicle chargers available are: 

What are the different types of EV chargers available?

Slow Chargers

Slow chargers are classified as chargers that offer up to 6kW off AC charging. Unsurprisingly their charging speed is in the name, taking up to 12 hours to fully recharge an EV battery. Despite the slow speed they are actually the second most common chargers in the UK. In fact most electric vehicles are supplied with a charging cable that includes a three pin plug, so you can charge at home (or in public places where these connections are available).

Slow Chargers include the chargers that can be found on residential roads and streets with a three pin plug connection.  As a result of their slow speeds it is recommended to use these only when you absolutely have to.

Fast Chargers

The most common type of EV charger for home charging, and guess what? They are faster than slow chargers! These chargers offer between 7kW and 22kW AC charging. These cut charging times by more than half with a 7kW charger getting your battery fully juiced in around 6 or 7 hours. If you have a 22kW charger this can be cut to as little as 3 hours for a full charge. Fast chargers are often referred to as Level 2 chargers. As well as home use they are commonly found in supermarket car parks and other public spaces.

Ohme EV charger installation

AC Chargers we install

All of the domestic electric vehicle chargers we install are AC chargers and are rated at 7kW and above. These include the following manufacturers:

Depending on the supplier these chargers come as single phase or 3 phase units (phase dictating speeds). Contact us for more information on the models available or see our dedicated pages.

Rapid and Ultra Rapid Chargers

Rapid and ultra rapid chargers are currently the fastest way to charge an EV battery. These chargers are what we call DC chargers or direct current chargers. This means the energy doesn’t need to be converted as in AC chargers and so the current goes straight into the vehicle battery. This means faster charging speeds. Chargers typically range between 20kW and 300kW units that can deliver charging speeds of up to 30 minutes for a full charge. These chargers are often referred to as Level 3 chargers.

As with AC charging, the speeds that you can achieve are entirely dependant on the vehicle, type of charger and battery type that you’re using. DC chargers are most commonly found on the public charging network and are common at Motorway Services. 

Tesla Superchargers

The final different types of EV Chargers available are solely for Tesla users. They have their own network of chargers across the UK and deliver speeds of around 30 minutes for an 80% fill from their 150kW rated units. These chargers are available. Although primarily for Tesla owners, you can charge a non-tesla EV with these chargers (by pressing the non-tesla button!). 

DC Chargers we install

DC charging is increasingly more popular with businesses and companies that run fleet vehicles. The high mileage that fleets typically cover means that rapid and ultra rapid charging is critical to keep vehicles on the move. With charging speeds of up to 30 minutes, drivers can fully charge their vehicle on a lunch break.

DC chargers are often referred to as Level 3 charging. There are currently four types of fast charging connectors used worldwide. In Europe we mostly use CCS2 (or combined charging system). Most vehicles are capable of connecting to these chargers and it is even becoming more commonly adopted across the globe.

MP Walden are approved installers for Project EV who offer a range of DC chargers, from 20kW right through to their 300kW range. We primarily install these units at commercial and business premises due to the costs of the units and the capacity they can handle. 

For more information on this manufacturer please our Project EV page.

40kW DC charger

As the UK continues to embrace electric vehicles, the range of EV chargers offered by manufacturers will undoubtedly evolve and increase. With ongoing advancements in technology and growing environmental awareness, the landscape of EV charging is likely to evolve further, contributing to a cleaner and more sustainable future for the UK and the planet as a whole.

As experienced EV Charger installers MP Walden Ltd are here to help you with any questions you may have with regards to equipment, grants or specifications. Why not get in contact?